5 most common retinal diseases

The retina is best described as the soul of eyes and the reason for colours in your life. The health of your eyes is directly proportional to the health of your retina. Without a healthy retina, you can’t read, drive, or see fine details. If we underline the more formal definition of the retina, it is the light-sensing tissue that resides in the back of your eye and is responsible for relaying images to your brain.


A healthy retina makes not only vision stronger but your imagination flawless. The best retina specialists in Gurgaon tell that a retinal disorder or disease affects this light-sensing tissue that resides in the back of your eye, which, in turn, can affect vision to the point of blindness. Thus, it is very important that one should get the retinal diseases treated at an early stage so as to protect themselves from landing into the haunting darkness of blindness.


There are many retinal diseases that can occur and push you towards blindness. Among them the 5 most common retinal diseases are mentioned below:


1. Floaters:-


Floaters are a retina disease in which one notices spots in vision. They can be age-related. It occurs because the jelly substance the eye is made of becomes more liquid and small clumps cast a shadow on the retina. They can also occur in cases of severe nearsightedness. Floaters can also be the result of a torn retina. The best eye hospitals in Gurugram suggest that if the tear isn’t repaired, then it can lead to retinal detachment. This is due to fluid accumulation behind the retina, causing it to separate from the eye.


2. Retinal Detachment:-


Retinal detachment can occur when too much fluid accumulates behind the retina, causing separation. If the condition isn’t quickly treated, it can cause permanent vision loss. The presence of floaters or flashes in the eye may be the indications that retinal detachment may be occurring. Some of the risk factors that increase the chances of retinal detachment are extreme nearsightedness, genetic predisposition, eye injury, and the presence of other eye disorders.


3. Macular Degeneration:-


Macular degeneration is an age-related condition of the retina and is very common in individuals over the age of 55. It is one of the most common retina diseases that cause central vision loss. Its symptoms include blurry central vision, warped straight lines, or difficulty focusing on fine details. If these symptoms are ignored then it could pave a way for blind spots to develop and worsen the condition. The best eye clinics in Gurgaon offer effective treatments for macular degeneration like an antioxidant supplement that can slow the progression and block unhealthy blood vessel development.


4. Retinitis Pigmentosa:-


In retinitis pigmentosa vision loss gradually declines as the rods and cones die. Usually, rods are affected first, and then the degeneration moves to the cones. It describes genetic conditions that can cause retinal degeneration. Its symptoms include night blindness, color blindness, central vision loss, etc. Leber’s congenital amaurosis, Usher syndrome, Bardet-Biedel syndrome, rod-cone disease, and Refsum disease are some examples of conditions that are classified as retinitis pigmentosa.


5. Diabetic Eye Disease:-


If you have diabetes or it is running in your family then your chances of getting retinal diseases are more. People with diabetes are more susceptible to retinal damage. They often suffer from blurry vision, double vision, floaters or dark spots, pressure or pain in at least one eye, trouble with peripheral vision, flashing lights, or rings. They are also at high risk of getting glaucoma and cataracts. If you have any diabetic eye disease then laser surgery treatment can help you to get rid of it. If you are looking for a hospital for the best Lasik eye surgery in Gurgaon, visit Viaan eye and Retina centre and get the best treatment at a genuine cost.

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